Vineyards: Vineyards were planted in mid 70s in the Mukuzani area – the Red Crown of Georgian wine regions and possibly one of the oldest as well as best wine growing regions in the world. The vines are treated only manually. Crop size is controlled.
Soils: Sandy and sandy clay at 560 – 600 AMSL
Yield : max 7 tons /ha, equivalent to 45 to 50 HL/ha.
Method of Harvest : Manual picking to ensure grape highest quality.
Vinification: Grapes are de-stemmed and must is transferred into QVEVRIs. In some cases stems may be allowed during fermentation. Fermentation is conducted mostly wild to ensure the natural characters of the wine as well as to strictly underline the specific and unique properties of the vintage year. Ferments are punched down 3 – 4 times a day as per tradition. Once fermentation finished, we macerate wines until the desired balance is reached. Pressing is done on membrane and/or basket presses. 30 to 40 % pressings join back to the free run. We follow with MLF to harmonize rich structure of wines, soften tannins and balance the body. Then, wines are blended to the final style. Part we let mature and integrate in full QVEVRIs. The other part about 30% is kept in 3rd – 4th year barrels to only soften, avoiding oak flavor influence. Once both parts mature, they are blended and prepared for bottling. Filtration with regards to the wine and the vintage specifics to maximally retain all the characteristics achieved. Bottling is conducted under the highest standards. Wine is bottle-aged before the release for up to 12 months.